Water plays a vital role in irrigation, but the crucial task is to bring water to the land or crops for nourishment. So, you can use an irrigation pump to accomplish this task. This pump takes water from under the Earth and utilises pressure to take the water to the various fields with the help of different channels. Thanks to the pumps, farmers find it easy to provide water to their crops. It helps reduce the wastage of energy and manual labour. You will find various types of pumps used in irrigation in the market, designed for different purposes. So, here are a few types of irrigation pumps.
- Centrifugal pumps: One of the most common pumps used globally is centrifugal pumps. They consist of more than one impeller attached to the pump’s shaft. These impellers rotate because of the centrifugal force and allow the water to leave the vanes with much velocity. The water consistently enters, and the impellers push it through the water storage or overhead tank’s pipes. The placement of the pump must be below the inlet level of water. You must also determine the vapour pressure to avoid drying up or forming bubbles. You must also install gaskets and casings to retain the pressure. Farmers can attain a lot of benefits with centrifugal pumps. For instance, they can be maintained easily, and you don’t have to be concerned about problems such as cavitation, leakage, overheating, etc. Also, you can place them vertically or horizontally. The setup cost is less, and it doesn’t need much storage space. The outflow water performance of these pumps remains consistent with good pressure. They are less noisy and are 100 per cent efficient.
- Submersible pumps: Submersible pumps are also known as electric submersible pumps, which can be submerged into water entirely. The pumps convert rotary and kinetic energy into pressure energy to push water to the surface. The water is pulled, and the impeller rotates and moves the water with the help of a diffuser, allowing it to arrive on the surface. This self-priming type of pump is beneficial to farmers for irrigation of the agricultural field. Due to the gaskets and seals, the submersible pumps prevent the leakage of liquid or water. They are sealed firmly to eliminate electric accidents without the possibility of damage to the components. The sealing of the pumps doesn’t allow foreign elements to enter, requiring low maintenance and providing minor chances of damage. In addition, it also prevents exposure to oxidation or corrosive material. They are lightweight structures that can be easily carried to any place or location. Since this pump is submerged underwater, it is very quiet when the motor runs. They are efficient because they don’t use much energy to push water onto the surface.
- Positive displacement pumps: Positive displacement pumps help push or displace the water by mechanical energy. The two sides, such as the suction side and the discharge side, allow the fluid to go and come out from the valve, respectively. They require manual operation and can be used for different crops. They can manage liquids of low and high viscosity. The higher the flow, the greater the viscosity. They are durable and can deliver high pressures. The gas or air contamination can be easily managed in the flow of liquids with the help of the positive displacement pumps. What’s more, they can be found in the market at a low price.
Wrapping it up: You can invest in an irrigation pump that will not waste your energy, time, and money. Well, different pumps have different features and functionality. So, you can look for the ones that will meet all your needs and requirements.